Dates are harder to synchronize in this early period up to the Babylonian empire. Submersion under water changes carbon dating values. He restored and returned the statues of the Babylon gods to the city (604/605) Nebuchadnezzar II succeeds Nabopolassar. Babylon rules this region and Judah is no longer independent. A clay cylinder names Belshazzar as son of Babylonian King Nabonidus (Daniel 5: 29-30). Damaged by earthquake 1600 years later, stones used by Crusaders to build a castle 1494-1522 Cassander killed Alexander IV and his mother Roxana because the child was now 13 and king. He covers Christians with wild animal skins, feeds them to the Lions and uses them as human torches Year Of The Four Emperors. He was once believed to be the Messiah, supported by Rabbi Akiva. He goes to war against the Goths to hand the west over to the Papacy First Justinian Code (Corpus Juris Civilis) completed after a 14 month effort to codify Roman law. Often Archaeology dates items by comparison and what they expect. He rebuilt the Tower of Babel structures - the Esagila and the Ekur at Nippur. Other exiles were taken in 597 and 586 BC Nabonidus Cylinder. Base 40 m (120 ft) by 30 m (100 ft), height 45 m (140 ft). Docetism (The Christ Spirit in the man Jesus did not die). Second Jewish revolt when Rome tried to build a temple to Jupiter on the temple mount. Marcion tried to strip all Judaism out of Christianity, even by changing its gospels. The inferior creator God of the Old Testament Vs the unknown true God who sent Christ, matter is evil. 700 year old Great Library of Alexandria (Serapeum) destroyed by religious fanatics Barbarian Invasion triggered when the Huns drove them out of their lands. Clovis the king of France converts to Catholicism and is named "the eldest son of the church".
Mentions the flood and has a list of kings who ruled before and after the flood. Records of King Zimri-Lim which mention the city of Nahor and the nomadic "Habiru" people (Hebrews) and mentions customs of those times Black Stele of Hammurabi. A stone slab with the name "Israel" inscribed in heiroglyphics ("Israel is laid waste, its seed is not"). Advocated fasting, celibacy, no second marriages, asceticism (no worldly pleasures). Millennium expectations were less popular by this time. Christians at Rome and Alexandria made their own rules. Mentions Siddim (Sodom) and many other Bible names and words that critics thought were Aramaic and came after 600 BC. Cities destroyed by fire and covered in ash up to 7 feet. Discovered near Dead Sea region excavated in 1924, 1965, 1967, 1973 and may be these ancient cities Sumerian King List. About 300 tablets correspondence to Amenhotep IV from a Canaanite king named Abdi-Heba for help against an invading "Habiru" or "Apiru" (Hebrew). Found in 1887 in Egypt Israel Stele (Merneptah Stela). Easter is on a Sunday and is not connected to a phase of the moon in the Jewish Calendar. Discovered 1970s at Tell Mardikh Sodom, Gomorrah, Zoar (Bab edh-Drha, Numeria, es-Safi). The capital city of Hattusha, 5 temples and thousands of clay tablets were discovered in Bogazkoy, Turkey in 1876-1906 Amarna Tablets. Justinian 1 (527-565) outlawed them First Council of Nicaea. But the Bible records them from the time of Abraham (Genesis 15: 20) to Solomon (1 Kings 10: 29) (2100 BC-1000 BC).Scholars did not believe that Belshazzar was real because no other ancient documents mentioned his name. He also executed Alexander's mother Olympias in 316 and his half brother Philip in 317 and Heracles, an illegitimate son of Alexander, in 309 Colossus of Rhodes. If Passover had been postponed 1 month, there would have been a partial lunar eclipse on Passover (April 25) and tabernacles (October 19) Julian dates Great Fire Of Rome July 18-19. (June 68-December 69) Brief civil war after Nero's death. Siege for 134 days, April 14 - September 7 (Passover to Yom kippur). Expanded and completed in 534 to include the code, the Digest (Pandects) which included common law and the institute. » Pope of Rome should have first rank and Archbishop of Constantinople second rank.
Residents of Rhodes erect a 33 m (110 ft) high statue of their sun god, Helios at the entrance to the harbor. The ruins were there for over 1000 years until the Arabs disassembled it in AD 654 Pirates common in the Mediterrranean provided slaves to the Romans for the Italian plantations and no action was taken against them. Nero burns Rome and blames the Christians, accusing them of hatred of humanity. Galba (68-69 murder), Otho (69) suicide, Vitellius (69 executed and the temple of Jupiter was burned down), and Vespasian (69-79) The first Jewish revolt ends. Titus breached the walls of Jerusalem on 17th Tammuz. » Decisions of the first four ecumenical councils added as civil laws.
Baleares, Crete and Western Cilicia became pirates' nests until Pompey defeated them and rose to power Passover. "We desire that all peoples subject to Our benign Empire shall live under the same religion that the Divine Peter, the Apostle, gave to the Romans, and which the said religion declares was introduced by himself ...
We order all those who follow this law to assume the name of Catholic Christians, and considering others as demented and insane, We order that they shall bear the infamy of heresy; and when the Divine vengeance which they merit has been appeased, they shall afterwards be punished in accordance with Our resentment, which we have acquired from the judgment of Heaven." January 13-20. Fire destroyed much of Constantinople and the Hagia Sophia church after a week long revolt began at the Hippodrome and the rebels assaulted the palace next door.
Justinian had 30,000 killed by generals Belisarius and Mundus February 535.
18 months of global darkness followed two huge explosions that rocked the world. Belisarius enters Rome with 5000 troops and Theodatus was killed when he tried to escape to Ravenna with 4000 Goths. Goths, led by Vittigis, return to besiege Rome and attacked on March 21. Goths cut aqueducts, so Belisarius blocked them in March.
The island of Java was split in two, forming Sumatra when Krakatau erupted. Belisarius takes Naples by violence after a month long siege ended when they entered under the city walls through an aqueduct. Siege ended in March 538 after one year and 9 days after Goths were weakened by hunger and plague February. Muhammad conquers the region and sends the major governments a letter to convert. Egypt, Abyssinia, Yemen, Bahrain) Al Aqsa (El Aksa) mosque built by Caliph al-Walid on top of the Temple mount.